This report assesses obstacles and risks to the implementation of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement and outlines steps to be taken to avoid a return to conflict. The product of a seminar held by the Horn of Africa Group, this paper brings together perspectives from officials, opinion leaders, academic specialists and foreign policy-makers. Copublished by the RVI with Chatham House (the Royal Institute of International Affairs), the Royal African Society and the Centre of African Studies, University of London.
The Fano insurgency in the Amhara region is currently one of the most serious security threats affecting Ethiopia. As well as causing widespread deadly violence—largely