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Rift Valley Institute

Making local knowledge work

RESISTANCE IN THE PERIPHERIES: CIVIL WAR AND FRAGILE PEACE IN SUDAN & ETHIOPIA’S BORDERLANDS

Summary  • Historically, the people living along the Blue Nile – Benishangul-Gumuz borderlands in what is now Sudan and Ethiopia have been politically and socially marginalized within their respective political entities. As such they have sought ways to address this marginalization by undertaking a number of strategies. They have sought to mobilize and increase their […]

HOW ARMED GROUPS PLAY THE LONG GAME IN THE SUDAN-ETHIOPIA BORDERLANDS

Armed opposition groups in Sudan and Ethiopia’s border regions have a history of leveraging support, often military, from their neighbours to aid their political aspirations at home. These dynamics have fluctuated in line with broader changes in the region and geopolitically, but rebel groups are used to waiting, and take their opportunities when they emerge. This […]

THE PRICE OF LIFE: REVOLUTIONARY AGENCY AND POLITICAL IMPASSE IN POST-BASHIR SUDAN

In Sudan, the revolutionary upsurge of 2018/2019 signalled the implosion of the country’s postcolonial political order. The political parties of old have seen their social bases wither away and their ideological hold over the Sudanese people corrode under the sustained pressure of a hyper-extractive political economy. The so-called ‘transitional period’ that followed the overthrow of […]

ONE YEAR AFTER THE COUP: WHAT NEXT FOR SUDAN’S JUBA PEACE AGREEMENT?

This briefing considers the changing political situation in Sudan with a particular focus on the future of the Juba Peace Agreement ( JPA). It explores how the relationship between two key factions in the conflict has complicated the ongoing discussions around the formation of a new political arrangement in Sudan. Contrary to what many in Sudan’s […]

FIXING THE PRICE: THE POLITICS OF THE KHAT TRADE BETWEEN ETHIOPIA AND SOMALILAND

As part of a wider attempt to increase export revenues amidst weak economic performance, Ethiopian authorities doubled the price of khat for exports to Somaliland and Djibouti in April 2022. Following much controversy, the decision was reversed a few months later. What was behind this trade price ‘fix’ and why does it matter? This report […]

PURCHASING INSECURITY: THE AFRICAN RED SEA REGION AND THE GLOBAL FOOD TRADE

The African Red Sea Region does not produce enough food to feed its own population. Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somaliland (Somalia) are each reliant on imports to make up for domestic production shortfalls. This presents unresolved challenges to the food security of the region. The regional food system is currently in crisis because it […]

The Costs of Peace

This is the first paper in a series considering the future of Sudan’s Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) and peace-making after the fall of Omar al-Bashir in 2019. It was commissioned by the Rift Valley Institute for the UK government’s XCEPT (Cross-Border Conflict Evidence, Policy and Trends) programme. XCEPT brings together leading experts to examine conflict-affected […]

What next for Sudan’s peace process? Political and Security Dynamics in the East

This briefing considers the changing political situation in Sudan with a particular focus on the future of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) and the evolving political and security dynamics in the east of the country. It considers the role the agreement played in exacerbating the unresolved historical and political inter-communal tensions which the transitional government and the […]