Raia Mutomboki: The Flawed Peace Process in the DRC and the Birth of an Armed Franchise
Raia Mutomboki

This Usalama Project report describes the origins, rapid evolution, expansion and activities of this diverse force. The group began as a local response to rampant insecurity but profited from flaws in the various peace deals in the eastern DRC, which helped it evolve from a parochial militia into a violent franchise deployed across large parts of North and South Kivu.