Mai-Mai Yakutumba: Resistance and racketeering in Fizi, South Kivu
Mai-Mai Yakutumba

This Usalama Project report examines the Mai-Mai of William Amuri Yakutumba, a group which initially demobilized after the Second Congo War (1998–2003). However, after struggling to find alternative livelihoods, they remobilized again, supported and exploited by political elites in Kinshasa and the Fizi diaspora who aimed to further their own agendas and ambitions. The report highlights the challenge of demobilization in a context of widespread poverty and of use of violence for political gain, evidencing the challenges to end the nexus of violence in the eastern DRC.