The global Somali diaspora numbers two million people that live outside the Somali regions of the Horn of Africa. The strong links that diaspora populations maintain with the Somali regions—engaging multifariously in the spheres of development, politics, and economy—exert a crucial influence on Somali society in the Horn. However, in recent years there have been indications that these practices are changing in new and unpredictable ways. This briefing examines the current trends and suggests three possible future scenarios for diaspora engagement in the Somali regions of the Horn of Africa.
The Fano insurgency in the Amhara region is currently one of the most serious security threats affecting Ethiopia. As well as causing widespread deadly violence—largely