On 25 January 2013, RVI published the fourth and fifth Usalama Project reports on armed groups in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). UPC in Ituri: The External Militarization of Local Politics in North-eastern Congo describes the origins and activities of the mainly Hema Union of Congolese Patriots in Ituri district. It was written by Henning Tamm of the International Relations department at St Antony’s College, University of Oxford. Ituri: Gold, Land, and Ethnicity in North-eastern Congo provides deeper historical background on the issues of ethnicity and exploitation of resources in the north-eastern DRC. It was written by Dan Fahey, a contractor for the United Nations in the DRC who previously taught in the Political Science department at Colorado College. French editions of the reports will be available on the RVI website in March and print-on-demand editions will be available from Amazon shortly.