Close this search box.

Rift Valley Institute

Making local knowledge work

Hustling for Security: Managing plural security in Nairobi’s poor urban settlements

Home to two million people, Nairobi’s informal settlements host the city’s most vulnerable communities who lack access to virtually all publicly run services, especially security. In these settlements, multiple players have emerged to claim the role of security providers, and citizens must ‘hustle’ for security.

On 17 June 2016, the Rift Valley Forum launched Hustling for Security: Managing plural security in Nairobi’s poor urban settlements. This report by the Clingendael Institute, in partnership with the Rift Valley Institute, examines the system of multiple security providers that have developed in Nairobi’s Mathare, Korogocho and Kangemi settlements.


The study, funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), forms part of a comparative research project conducted in Beirut, Tunis and Nairobi. There is also a blog post available on the Plural Security Insights website here. Two researchers involved in the research published an article about the subject in the Review of African Political Economy.


Mutuma Rutere
Centre for Human Rights and Polcy Studies


Wangui Kimari

Awino Okech PhD
African Leadership Centre

  • Recent Publications