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Every year since 2008, the world had become less peaceful. In the Horn and Central Africa, conflict threatens and destroys the lives, homes and jobs of millions of women, men and children, trapping them in a vicious cycle of violence, poverty and inequality. Efforts to address and prevent conflicts and disasters face serious obstacles. In these countries, civil society space is shrinking as…

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Conflicts produce large-scale humanitarian crises and are often characterized by high levels of instability and volatility. Nonetheless, humanitarian workers are expected to operate in these high-risk areas, where their security and performance are sometimes compromised. On 6 April 2017, the Rift Valley Forum launched the findings from the Secure Access in Volatile Environments (SAVE) study in…

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On 7 November 2017, the Rift Valley Institute (RVI), Social Development Direct (SDD), Forcier Consulting, University College London (UCL) and Nagaad Network hosted a panel to discuss the challenges and opportunities for women’s political participation and leadership in Somaliland in collaboration with Presidential Election Observation Mission (EOM).

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On 13 November 2017, Somalilanders will go to the polls in the third presidential election. Once again, international observers—coming from 25 countries—will participate in verifying the credibility and fairness of the electoral process. On 5 November 2017, the Rift Valley Forum and the Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Hargeysa hosted a panel of international and…

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Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's first six months have dramatically changed Ethiopia’s political landscape. The Ethiopian government looks younger, more representative and radical than it has in a generation. Political red-lines have been crossed, and taboos addressed, including one of the most intractable and untouchable issues: the frozen relationship with Eritrea. 

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This event—part of the Rift Valley Institute’s work on ‘Remittances and Vulnerability in Somalia’, in partnership with the World Bank—explored the key features and the marked variations of the remittance landscape in Somalia. It also analysed how remittances are used by families to improve food security, particularly through access to credit, and the cross-continental networks of trust that…

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On 3 April 2019, the Rift Valley Forum hosted an exhibition of photographs and testimonies from displaced people across the four Somali cities of Baidoa, Bosaaso, Hargeisa and Mogadishu. This was part of the ‘Security on the Move’ project carried out by Durham University, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, and the Somali civil society organisation SOWELPA, in collaboration with UN-Habitat…

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The 2019 Horn of Africa Course examines the Somali-speaking lands, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and northern Kenya. It explores the historical and contemporary features that make the Horn the world’s most crisis-ridden region.

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Drought is once again devastating the Horn of Africa. It has severely affected the food security of more than 13 million people in Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. Although droughts and other climatic shocks are recurrent in the region, are humanitarians, donors and governments learning from the successes and failures of past responses?

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For the fifth time since 2010, Somalia is exploring options for an electoral model that will advance the country’s democratic process. Despite previous attempts to pursue democracy, Somalia has failed to shed its clan-based political system. So far, the Federal Government of Somalia and other key stakeholders have been unable to agree on a workable electoral model for the 2020 parliamentary…