Tan iyo burburkii xukunkii Siyaad Barre sanadkii 1991, culumaa’udiinka iyo ururrada waxay saameyn weyn ku yeesheen siyaasadda Soomaaliya, mararka qaarna waxay qaateen doorkii hay’adaha waaweyn ee bini’aadamnimada.Lagasoo bilaabo 2009 ilaa 2012, hoggaamiye diimeed – Shariif Sheekh Axmed – ayaa ahaa Madaxweyne.

Isbeddelladan mar walba si fiican looma fahmin, afar sababood oo waaweyn…


Since the collapse of Siyad Barre’s secular regime in 1991, religious leaders and organizations have come to wield considerable influence on Somalia’s politics, and in some cases have assumed the role of major humanitarian actors. From 2009 to 2012, a religious leader – Sharif Sheikh Ahmed – even assumed the presidency. These trends have not always been well understood, for…

After a two-year hiatus caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, RVI held its first in-person residential course at the end of June 2022 in Naivasha, Kenya. The programme restarted with the popular Horn of Africa course, which focuses on the history, politics and culture of Somalia, Somaliland, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The course was directed by Dr Michael Woldemariam and Dr Peter Chonka who…


Over the past decade, there have been several important gains made with Somalia’s state-building process, notably the establishment of a Federal Government following the endorsement of the Provisional Constitution in 2012. This was followed by the formation of Federal Member States (FMS) from 2013 onwards, as well as a range of significant institutional reforms. Key weaknesses remain, however…


Over the past decade, significant progress has been made in Somalia’s post-conflict trajectory, including the formation of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in 2012 following the endorsement of the Provisional Federal Constitution. Federal Member States (FMSs) were formed from 2013 onwards and a range of significant institutional reforms have followed. However, there are several key…


Urbanization in the Somali territories is transforming Somali society in multiple and profound ways, with the growth of urban centres and networks paralleled by new patterns of accumulation, investment, redistribution, inclusion and exclusion. This report raises questions concerning the welfare of urban residents, the sustainability of these cities, and how best to respond to their fragility…

A Year in the Horn of Africa: Latest Developments in Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland and Djibouti.


This policy brief seeks to analyse the progress and challenges of Puntland’s democratisation process and, in so doing, help Somali and international stakeholders maintain momentum towards credible and peaceful elections.


The Horn of Africa course Q&A covers some of the pressing issues surrounding the developments in the region and provides an insight of the most pertinent issues covered in the annual course.