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2022-10-27

The African Red Sea Region does not produce enough food to feed its own population. Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somaliland (Somalia) are each reliant on imports to make up for domestic production shortfalls. This presents unresolved challenges to the food security of the region. The regional food system is currently in crisis because it is reliant on the international grain trade.…

2022-09-14

Maqaamka Muqdisho oo aan weli la xalin ayaa kamid ah arrimaha ugu muhiimsan heshiiska siyaasadda Soomaaliya. Lagasoo bilaabo sanadkii 2012, Soomaaliya waxay horumar ka samaysay in la caddeeyo nooca federaalka iyadoo la dhisay Dowlad-goboleedyo sidoo kalena la sameeyay dadaallo – inkastoo guulo kooban laga gaaray – si loo caddeeyo xiriirka ka dhexeeya heerarka kala duwan ee dowladda. Caddeynta…

2022-09-12

Soomaaliya ayaa markii ugu horreysay si rasmi ah u qaadatay hannaanka federaalka sannadkii 2004-tii markii la sameeyay Axdiga Federaalka Kumeelgaarka. Tan iyo markaas, dhidibada ayaa loo aasay iyadoo la qeexay markii la meel mariyay Dastuurka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka ah ee 2012 iyo dhismihii xigay ee Dowlad-goboleedyada ee dalka. Habkani waxa uu saldhig u noqday iskaashiga iyo wada-noolaanshaha…

2022-09-09

Soomaaliya waxa ay qaadatay nidaamka federaalka sanadii 2004 markaasoo la dhisay dowlad kumeelgaar ah. Nidaamkan ayaa noqday mid asaaskiisa la adkeeyay sannadkii 2012 kadib markii la ansixiyay Dastuurka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka, kaasoo caddeeyay meelo badan oo xasaasi ah oo ku saabsan nidaamka maamul ee Soomaaliya. Mabda’ ahaan, hirgelinta nidaamka federaalka waxa uu ahaa mid lagu doonayo in…

2022-09-05

Mid kamid ah cilladaha waa maqnaanshaha heshiis amni oo xooggan oo qeexaya qaab-dhismeedka guud iyo qeybinta awoodaha iyo masuuliyadaha laamaha amniga iyadoo la isticmaalayo hannaan federaal ah. Horumar aan badneyn ayaa la sameeyay, gaar ahaan heshiiskii horudhaca ahaa ee horraantii 2017 la galay ee dhexmaray madaxda Dowladda Federaalka iyo Dowlad-goboleedyada ee Naqshadda Amniga Qaranka.…

2022-09-02

Tobankii sano ee la soo dhaafay, horumarro la taaban karo ayaa laga sameeyay xaaladda siyaasadda Soomaaliya, oo ay kamid tahay dhismihii Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya ee sanadkii 2012 kadib markii la ansixiyay Dastuurka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka ah. Dowladaha xubnaha ka ah dowladda federaalka ayaa la dhisay wixii ka dambeeyay sanadkii 2013 waxaana xigay dib-u-habeyno kala duwan oo muhiim ah oo…

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2022-09-14

The unresolved status of Mogadishu is one of the key outstanding issues in Somalia’s political settlement. Since 2012, Somalia has made progress in clarifying its federal model through the establishment of Federal Member States (FMS) and efforts – albeit with limited success – to clarify relationships between different levels of government. The status of Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital since 1960…

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2022-09-12

Somalia first formally adopted a federal model in 2004 with the establishment of the Transitional Federal Charter. Since then, it has been deepened and clarified with the adoption of the Provisional Federal Constitution in 2012 and the subsequent formation of the country’s Federal Member States (FMS). This process has provided the basis for cooperation and co-existence, albeit limited, among…

2022-09-09

Somalia formally adopted a federal system in 2004 with the establishment of the Transitional Federal Government. This model became more established in 2012 with the ratification of the Provisional Federal Constitution (PFC), which clarified many critical areas of Somalia’s governance dispensation. In principle, the introduction of federalism was intended to dis-incentivize conflict, as it was…