This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of conflict patterns in the Amhara Region in the period March 2022 to September 2023. While focusing on conflicts in northern Amhara, it also provides an overview of other conflicts in the region, such as in the Oromo Special Zone, outlines the actors in these conflicts and presents a chronological account of significant events in the period.


በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያሉ ሴቶች የተለያዩ የፖለቲካ፣ የጸጥታ፣ የኢኮኖሚ እና የማኅበራዊ ተግዳሮቶች ያጋጥሟቸዋል። በሌሎች አገሮች እንደሚታየው ሁሉ፣ በኢትዮጵያ የሚከሰቱ ግጭቶች ሴቶችን ተመጣጣኝ ላልሆኑ ስቃዮች፥ ጥቃቶችና እና የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች ያጋልጧቸዋል። ይህም የሰላምን አስፈላጊነት የሚያጎላ ሲሆን፣ የሴቶችን እና የልጃገረዶችን ደኅንነት ከማረጋገጥ ባለፈ የሴቶችን መብት ከማክበር ጋር የተያያዘ ነው። ከዚህ ጎን ለጎን የሰላም ሂደቶችን ዘላቂነት እና ህጋዊነት ለማረጋገጥ ትርጉም ያለው የሴቶች ተሳትፎ ወሳኝ ነው። በአሁኑ ጊዜ ግን ሴቶች በተለያዩ ደረጃዎች ሙሉ ብቃት ያላቸው ሰላም ፈጣሪዎች መሆናቸውን በተደጋጋሚ ቢያሳዩም…


Women in Ethiopia face a variety of political, security, economic and socio-cultural barriers. As is the case elsewhere, in Ethiopia violent conflict tends to result in women suffering disproportionate victimization and human rights violations. This underlines the importance of peace when it comes to ensuring the safety—and beyond that realizing the rights—of women and girls.


ይህ ዘገባ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ከአዲስ አበባ ውጪ በኢትዮጵያ በተከሰቱት የማኅበረሰብ ግጭቶች ውስጥ የኃይማኖት ሚናን ያጠናል። በመዲናይቱ ያለውን አለመግባባቶች እና አመለካከቶች ሙሉ በሙሉ ችላ ባይልም በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ከአራት የክልል ከተሞች ማለትም ከድሬዳዋ፣ ከጎንደር፣ ከሐዋሳ እና ከጅማ የተገኙ መረጃዎችን በማሰባሰብ ስለ ኃይማኖት እና ግጭቶች የተሟላ እና ሁለገብ ገጽታ ለመሳል ይጥራል። ዘገባው በእነዚህ ከተሞች ውስጥ በተካሄዱ ዋና ጥናቶች ላይ የተመሰረተ ነው። ከእነዚህም ውስጥ አብዛኞቹ አስቀድሞ ታትመዋል።


This report explores the political economy of checkpoints in Somalia: What drives their formation? What impacts do they have on trade, society and political projects? To explore these factors, new empirical data is presented on the distribution and costs of checkpoints operated by al-Shabaab and government actors, along with allied militia. Key findings are contextualized through interviews…


The Baidoa corridor is a transport and trade route that connects Somalia’s coastal capital, Mogadishu, to Kenya via the border towns of Bula Hawa and Dollow, respectively. As with all trade and transport routes in Somalia, there are many checkpoints along the route that are controlled by a variety of different political and security actors.


The Garissa corridor is an essential artery for trade and exchange between Kismayo in Somalia’s Jubaland state, and the Kenyan city of Garissa. Checkpoints along this route were originally a militia phenomenon, with each sub-clan operating its own roadblocks.They proliferated during the clan militia period (1990–2006) with checkpoints controlled by warlords from various clans and sub-clans.…


This report studies the role of religion in recent inter-communal conflicts in Ethiopia outside of Addis Ababa. While not entirely neglecting disputes and perceptions in the capital, it seeks to paint a fuller and more versatile picture of religion and conflict in Ethiopia by drawing together insights from four Ethiopian regional cities: Dire Dawa, Gondar, Hawassa, and Jimma. This is based on…


One of the most significant recent developments in the prolonged struggle against al-Shabaab in Somalia has been the success of military operations led by the Somali National Armed Forces and allied self-defence militias known as Ma’awisley. Ma’awisley—named after the colourful sarong many members wear—were provoked into action by various grievances towards al-Shabaab, including high taxation…


የኢትዮጵያ ሶማሌ ክልል 350,000 ካሬ ኪሎ ሜትር የሚሸፍነው የኦጋዴን ተፋሰስ ነዳጅና የተፈጥሮ ጋዝ ክምችትን ጨምሮ በተፈጥሮ ሀብት የበለፀገ ነው። እነዚህ ሀብቶች በአግባቡ እና በፍትሃዊነት ጥቅም ላይ ከዋሉ ለክልሉ እና ለሀገሪቱ አጠቃላይ ልማት አስተዋፅዖ የማድረግ አቅ ምአላቸው። ይሁን እንጂ በፌደራል መንግስት አማካኝነት በሶማሌ ክልል ተጓዳኝ ሀብቶች ለማግኘት የሚደረጉ ጥረቶች በረመዥም ዓመታት የአመጽና ከንብረት የማፈናቀል ታሪክ ጋር የተሳሰሩ ናቸው።