At its signing in October 2020, it was hoped that the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) would finally address the root causes of the conflicts in Sudan. Three years later, it is clear that the most important legacy of the JPA is a continuation of the transactional politics that had characterised the reign of Omar al-Bashir.


Sudan’s economy is based on resources that have been exploited via violence rather than through peaceful, sustainable means. As a result, those who have benefited are those who control the means of violence. Furthermore, the inequalities in wealth, power and human development between Sudan’s moneyed center and its diverse and
impoverished peripheries are profound. The Juba Peace…


The Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) was negotiated beginning in September 2019 in the South Sudanese capital by representatives of Sudan’s new civilian-military transitional government and a collection of Sudan’s armed and civilian opposition groups comprising the Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF). Initial agreement was reached in August 2020 and the official signing took place on 3 October 2020…


ይህ ዘገባ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ከአዲስ አበባ ውጪ በኢትዮጵያ በተከሰቱት የማኅበረሰብ ግጭቶች ውስጥ የኃይማኖት ሚናን ያጠናል። በመዲናይቱ ያለውን አለመግባባቶች እና አመለካከቶች ሙሉ በሙሉ ችላ ባይልም በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ከአራት የክልል ከተሞች ማለትም ከድሬዳዋ፣ ከጎንደር፣ ከሐዋሳ እና ከጅማ የተገኙ መረጃዎችን በማሰባሰብ ስለ ኃይማኖት እና ግጭቶች የተሟላ እና ሁለገብ ገጽታ ለመሳል ይጥራል። ዘገባው በእነዚህ ከተሞች ውስጥ በተካሄዱ ዋና ጥናቶች ላይ የተመሰረተ ነው። ከእነዚህም ውስጥ አብዛኞቹ አስቀድሞ ታትመዋል።


This report explores the political economy of checkpoints in Somalia: What drives their formation? What impacts do they have on trade, society and political projects? To explore these factors, new empirical data is presented on the distribution and costs of checkpoints operated by al-Shabaab and government actors, along with allied militia. Key findings are contextualized through interviews…


The Baidoa corridor is a transport and trade route that connects Somalia’s coastal capital, Mogadishu, to Kenya via the border towns of Bula Hawa and Dollow, respectively. As with all trade and transport routes in Somalia, there are many checkpoints along the route that are controlled by a variety of different political and security actors.


The Garissa corridor is an essential artery for trade and exchange between Kismayo in Somalia’s Jubaland state, and the Kenyan city of Garissa. Checkpoints along this route were originally a militia phenomenon, with each sub-clan operating its own roadblocks.They proliferated during the clan militia period (1990–2006) with checkpoints controlled by warlords from various clans and sub-clans.…


This report studies the role of religion in recent inter-communal conflicts in Ethiopia outside of Addis Ababa. While not entirely neglecting disputes and perceptions in the capital, it seeks to paint a fuller and more versatile picture of religion and conflict in Ethiopia by drawing together insights from four Ethiopian regional cities: Dire Dawa, Gondar, Hawassa, and Jimma. This is based on…


የኢትዮጵያ ሶማሌ ክልል 350,000 ካሬ ኪሎ ሜትር የሚሸፍነው የኦጋዴን ተፋሰስ ነዳጅና የተፈጥሮ ጋዝ ክምችትን ጨምሮ በተፈጥሮ ሀብት የበለፀገ ነው። እነዚህ ሀብቶች በአግባቡ እና በፍትሃዊነት ጥቅም ላይ ከዋሉ ለክልሉ እና ለሀገሪቱ አጠቃላይ ልማት አስተዋፅዖ የማድረግ አቅ ምአላቸው። ይሁን እንጂ በፌደራል መንግስት አማካኝነት በሶማሌ ክልል ተጓዳኝ ሀብቶች ለማግኘት የሚደረጉ ጥረቶች በረመዥም ዓመታት የአመጽና ከንብረት የማፈናቀል ታሪክ ጋር የተሳሰሩ ናቸው።


Dowlad deegaanka Soomaalida ee itoobiya waa mid qani ku ah khayraadka dabiiciga ah, ee ay kamid yihiin saliidda iyo gaaska dabiiciga ah ee ku kaydsan dooxada Ogaden kaas oo ku fadhiya bad qiyaastii dhan 350,000 KM sq oo ka kooban badiba DDS. Haddii si sax ah oo caddaalad ah loo maamulo khayraadkan waxa uu awoodaa inuu wax ka taro hormarka degaanka iyo si guud dalkaba. Tijaabooyin ay samaysey…