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2014-03-24

Remittances to Somalia are at risk of being caught in the backwash of a global tendency towards tighter regulation of financial flows. This new tightening aims to prevent money laundering and to block flows to groups involved in terrorist activities. One recent consequence of this tendency has been that the banking sector—in the UK, the US and other jurisdictions—has become more circumspect…

2014-09-01

This briefing examines the emergence of the Somali migration route to Uganda and its significance in the long history of Somali migration in East Africa. It discusses the factors underlying the decision-making processes of Somali refugees in relation to cross-border movement. And it asks whether the Somali flows to Uganda are a short-term trend in response to a deterioration in living…

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2016-03-22

Since the Second Congo War (1998–2003), the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Congolese civil society have attempted, with the support of international partners, to tackle consecutive cycles of armed mobilization. Amidst other peace efforts, a key strategy has always been the DDR of combatants. This briefing analyses why and how previous DDR processes have failed,…

2016-03-18

La stabilisation est devenue un mot à la mode dans le contexte du maintien de la paix, constituant le principal objectif déclaré des missions de l’ONU déployées dans des contextes aussi divers que ceux de Haïti, de la République centrafricaine et du Mali. Cependant, peu de ces missions semblent avoir réussi à cerner ce que signifie ce concept dans la pratique. Le Département des opérations de…

2016-02-05

Stabilization has become a buzzword in peacekeeping, with UN missions in such diverse environments as Haiti, the Central African Republic, and Mali all claiming it as their central goal. Few of these missions, however, seem to have a clear understanding of what the concept means in practice. The UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) appears to refer to stabilization as a transitory…

2015-12-16

Après la défaite militaire de la rébellion du M23 en novembre 2013, la mobilisation armée s’est poursuivie à un rythme effréné dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo. Malgré un fort retentissement, une première série de redditions n’a pas duré, et elle a surtout concerné des combattants individuels plutôt que des groupes armés entiers. Courant 2014, le paysage des groupes armés a…

2015-12-10

After the military defeat of the Mouvement du 23 mars (M23, March 23 Movement) rebellion in November 2013, armed mobilization in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo has continued at a frightening pace. An initial, much-advertized wave of surrenders did not persist, and consisted mostly of individual combatants rather than armed groups as a whole. During the course of 2014,…

2016-06-16

The DRC has a bad reputation when it comes to gender equality and respect for women’s rights. Until now, the donor community and international media have mostly been focusing on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in the eastern part of the country, which has suffered from two decades of armed conflict. In 2010, a speech by the then United Nations (UN) Special Representative of the…

2016-07-05

La RDC a mauvaise réputation pour ce qui est de l’égalité de genre et du respect des droits des femmes. A ce jour, les bailleurs de fonds et les médias internationaux se sont focalisés sur les violences sexuelles et sexistes (VSS) dans l’est du pays, région qui a subi deux décennies de conflit armé. En 2010, une allocution de Margot Wallström, alors Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général…

2016-09-29

Land disputes are considered both key sources and perpetuating factors of conflict in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Over the years, scholars and practitioners have identified a number of critical land-related factors contributing to violence and conflict. These include a considerable diversity of forms of land governance that are fostered by: the existence of overlapping…