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Rift Valley Institute

Making local knowledge work

UNDERSTANDING ETHIOPIA – ERITREA RELATIONS SINCE 2018

This research paper is part of a series of outputs from the Peace Research Facility (PRF) focusing on key issues in domestic and foreign affairs in Ethiopia. The paper is based on research by Firehiwot Sintayehu and draws on the work of a team of PRF researchers and analysts working on various topics, including the […]

THE KNOWLEDGE FOR PEACE REGIONAL FORUM SERIES – FORUM REPORT

RELIGIOUS POLARIZATION IN ETHIOPIA &THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF RESOURCES IN PERIPHERIES The Peace Research Facility (PRF) in partnership with Jigjiga University, held a two-day public forum on 20th and 21st February 2023 to discuss research findings on: The Knowledge for Peace Research Project. The project has two broad categories that explore social cohesion in Ethiopia- […]

RELIGION, CONFLICT AND SOCIAL COHESIVENESS: INSIGHTS FROM JIMMA

SUMMARY • Despite its predominantly Muslim surrounding area, Jimma is one of the most heterogeneous cities in Ethiopia’s Oromia region. Unlike other Ethiopian cities and towns, Jimma has not seen any major inter-religious or -ethnic clashes since the fall of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front. Even so, serious clashes between Muslims and Christians—both Orthodox […]

PROSPERITY TO THE PERIPHERY?

THE POLITICS OF RESOURCE EXTRACTION IN ETHIOPIA, POST-2018 SUMMARY • With the formation of the Prosperity Party (PP) in 2019, Abiy Ahmed’s government set out to redress the relationship between the central government and ‘peripheral’ regional states. This included reforms to the governance of resource extraction and revenue distribution, thereby giving resource-rich but politically marginalized […]

ETHIOPIA CONFLICT TRENDS REPORT: AFAR REGION

INTRODUCTION Situated in north-eastern Ethiopia, bordering the Tigray, Amhara, Oromia and Somali regions, Afar occupies a strategically important geographical position, which has become more apparent in recent years. This is increasingly counteracting its relatively small population size (around 2 million) and economy, with its only major industry being salt mining.2 Afar also borders Ethiopia’s neighbour, […]

UNDERSTANDING THE FANO INSURGENCY IN ETHIOPIA’S AMHARA REGION

The Fano insurgency, emerging in Ethiopia’s  Amhara region in August 2023, has added another layer of conflict to a country already was rocked by the Tigray war (2020-22), and suffering from ongoing strife in the Oromia region. As well as causing widespread deadly violence—largely between the Fano, federal security and local government forces— affecting the […]

The Peace Research Facility

The Peace Research Facility (PRF) of the Rift Valley Institute is a multi-year project implemented by the Rift Valley Institute (RVI) in Ethiopia. Since 2022, PRF has been working in conflict analysis and peacebuilding in Ethiopia. With an objective of creating “A more peaceful and inclusive Ethiopia” in the long run, the PRF is a […]

ETHIOPIA CONFLICT TRENDS ANALYSIS: AMHARA REGION

This Conflict Trends Report presents a comprehensive analysis of conflict patterns in the Amhara Region in the period April 2022 to September 2023. While focusing on conflicts in northern Amhara, it also provides an overview of other conflicts in the region, such as in the Oromo Special Zone, outlines the actors in these conflicts, and […]