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2022-09-05

Mid kamid ah cilladaha waa maqnaanshaha heshiis amni oo xooggan oo qeexaya qaab-dhismeedka guud iyo qeybinta awoodaha iyo masuuliyadaha laamaha amniga iyadoo la isticmaalayo hannaan federaal ah. Horumar aan badneyn ayaa la sameeyay, gaar ahaan heshiiskii horudhaca ahaa ee horraantii 2017 la galay ee dhexmaray madaxda Dowladda Federaalka iyo Dowlad-goboleedyada ee Naqshadda Amniga Qaranka.…

2022-09-02

Tobankii sano ee la soo dhaafay, horumarro la taaban karo ayaa laga sameeyay xaaladda siyaasadda Soomaaliya, oo ay kamid tahay dhismihii Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya ee sanadkii 2012 kadib markii la ansixiyay Dastuurka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka ah. Dowladaha xubnaha ka ah dowladda federaalka ayaa la dhisay wixii ka dambeeyay sanadkii 2013 waxaana xigay dib-u-habeyno kala duwan oo muhiim ah oo…

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2022-09-14

The unresolved status of Mogadishu is one of the key outstanding issues in Somalia’s political settlement. Since 2012, Somalia has made progress in clarifying its federal model through the establishment of Federal Member States (FMS) and efforts – albeit with limited success – to clarify relationships between different levels of government. The status of Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital since 1960…

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2022-09-12

Somalia first formally adopted a federal model in 2004 with the establishment of the Transitional Federal Charter. Since then, it has been deepened and clarified with the adoption of the Provisional Federal Constitution in 2012 and the subsequent formation of the country’s Federal Member States (FMS). This process has provided the basis for cooperation and co-existence, albeit limited, among…

2022-09-09

Somalia formally adopted a federal system in 2004 with the establishment of the Transitional Federal Government. This model became more established in 2012 with the ratification of the Provisional Federal Constitution (PFC), which clarified many critical areas of Somalia’s governance dispensation. In principle, the introduction of federalism was intended to dis-incentivize conflict, as it was…

2022-09-08

Tan iyo burburkii xukunkii Siyaad Barre sanadkii 1991, culumaa’udiinka iyo ururrada waxay saameyn weyn ku yeesheen siyaasadda Soomaaliya, mararka qaarna waxay qaateen doorkii hay’adaha waaweyn ee bini’aadamnimada.Lagasoo bilaabo 2009 ilaa 2012, hoggaamiye diimeed – Shariif Sheekh Axmed – ayaa ahaa Madaxweyne.

Isbeddelladan mar walba si fiican looma fahmin, afar sababood oo waaweyn…

2022-09-08

Since the collapse of Siyad Barre’s secular regime in 1991, religious leaders and organizations have come to wield considerable influence on Somalia’s politics, and in some cases have assumed the role of major humanitarian actors. From 2009 to 2012, a religious leader – Sharif Sheikh Ahmed – even assumed the presidency. These trends have not always been well understood, for…

After a two-year hiatus caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, RVI held its first in-person residential course at the end of June 2022 in Naivasha, Kenya. The programme restarted with the popular Horn of Africa course, which focuses on the history, politics and culture of Somalia, Somaliland, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The course was directed by Dr Michael Woldemariam and Dr Peter Chonka who…

2022-09-05

Over the past decade, there have been several important gains made with Somalia’s state-building process, notably the establishment of a Federal Government following the endorsement of the Provisional Constitution in 2012. This was followed by the formation of Federal Member States (FMS) from 2013 onwards, as well as a range of significant institutional reforms. Key weaknesses remain, however…

2022-09-02

Over the past decade, significant progress has been made in Somalia’s post-conflict trajectory, including the formation of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in 2012 following the endorsement of the Provisional Federal Constitution. Federal Member States (FMSs) were formed from 2013 onwards and a range of significant institutional reforms have followed. However, there are several key…