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2022-12-21

An all-inclusive Community Conference held in Garowe from May-August 1998 established Puntland State of Somalia. A guiding three-year Provisional Charter, endorsed in the Community Conference, sanctioned the formation of basic governance functions divided into the executive, legislative and judiciary organs. It defined the mandates of each organ and underscored the independence of each organ…

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2022-12-21

In 1972, the rate of literacy in the Republic of Somalia was estimated to be 5.40 per cent of the total population. Soon afterwards in 1974 the Siyad Barre government launched ‘The Somalia Rural Literacy Campaign’ – an ambitious campaign to teach people to read in rural Somalia, mostly through the unprecedented deployment of thousands of school and university graduates as teachers. In…

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2022-11-14

This briefing considers the changing political situation in Sudan with a particular focus on the future of the Juba Peace Agreement ( JPA). It explores how the relationship between two key factions in the conflict has complicated the ongoing discussions around the formation of a new political arrangement in Sudan.

 

2022-09-14

Maqaamka Muqdisho oo aan weli la xalin ayaa kamid ah arrimaha ugu muhiimsan heshiiska siyaasadda Soomaaliya. Lagasoo bilaabo sanadkii 2012, Soomaaliya waxay horumar ka samaysay in la caddeeyo nooca federaalka iyadoo la dhisay Dowlad-goboleedyo sidoo kalena la sameeyay dadaallo – inkastoo guulo kooban laga gaaray – si loo caddeeyo xiriirka ka dhexeeya heerarka kala duwan ee dowladda. Caddeynta…

2022-09-12

Soomaaliya ayaa markii ugu horreysay si rasmi ah u qaadatay hannaanka federaalka sannadkii 2004-tii markii la sameeyay Axdiga Federaalka Kumeelgaarka. Tan iyo markaas, dhidibada ayaa loo aasay iyadoo la qeexay markii la meel mariyay Dastuurka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka ah ee 2012 iyo dhismihii xigay ee Dowlad-goboleedyada ee dalka. Habkani waxa uu saldhig u noqday iskaashiga iyo wada-noolaanshaha…

2022-09-09

Soomaaliya waxa ay qaadatay nidaamka federaalka sanadii 2004 markaasoo la dhisay dowlad kumeelgaar ah. Nidaamkan ayaa noqday mid asaaskiisa la adkeeyay sannadkii 2012 kadib markii la ansixiyay Dastuurka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka, kaasoo caddeeyay meelo badan oo xasaasi ah oo ku saabsan nidaamka maamul ee Soomaaliya. Mabda’ ahaan, hirgelinta nidaamka federaalka waxa uu ahaa mid lagu doonayo in…

2022-09-05

Mid kamid ah cilladaha waa maqnaanshaha heshiis amni oo xooggan oo qeexaya qaab-dhismeedka guud iyo qeybinta awoodaha iyo masuuliyadaha laamaha amniga iyadoo la isticmaalayo hannaan federaal ah. Horumar aan badneyn ayaa la sameeyay, gaar ahaan heshiiskii horudhaca ahaa ee horraantii 2017 la galay ee dhexmaray madaxda Dowladda Federaalka iyo Dowlad-goboleedyada ee Naqshadda Amniga Qaranka.…

2022-09-02

Tobankii sano ee la soo dhaafay, horumarro la taaban karo ayaa laga sameeyay xaaladda siyaasadda Soomaaliya, oo ay kamid tahay dhismihii Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya ee sanadkii 2012 kadib markii la ansixiyay Dastuurka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka ah. Dowladaha xubnaha ka ah dowladda federaalka ayaa la dhisay wixii ka dambeeyay sanadkii 2013 waxaana xigay dib-u-habeyno kala duwan oo muhiim ah oo…

2022-09-19

Urban workers and students led Sudan’s 2019 revolution, which forced the security forces of former president Omar al-Bashir to depose their patron in April 2019. The protestors were backed by trade unions, civil activists, technocrats with PhDs, old political parties, and business leaders, all grouped around the Forces of Freedom and Change – an opposition coalition formed in January 2019, as…